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Anhydrous Ammonia

Anhydrous Ammonia (NH3)

Ammonia (NH3), a colorless gas with a distinct odor, is a building-block chemical and a key component in the manufacture of many products people use every day, some applications are listed below.


  • Ammonia nitrate fertilizer
  • Refrigerant
  • Water purification
  • Plastic
  • Explosives
  • Fabrics
  • Pesticides
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • As a stabilizer, neutralizer and a source of nitrogen in
    • Waste and waste water treatment
    • Cold storage
    • Food and beverage industry
    • Rubber
    • Urea
Material Safety Data Sheet

Quality Range
Grade: Commercial grade, Refrigerant grade

Capacities: 6, 11, 15.5, 19, 21 tonnes

Capacities: 400kg, 500kg

Capacities: 5kg, 50kg

ISO Tank
Capacities: 12.5 tonnes

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What is anhydrous ammonia used for?

Anhydrous ammonia is used primarily as a nitrogen fertilizer, but also has a variety of industrial uses including refrigeration, cleaning and chemical manufacturing.

Is anhydrous ammonia harmful to humans?

Indigestion of anhydrous ammonia is rare, inhalation of the gas can cause burning of the nose, throat, respiratory tract. Anhydrous ammonia is a highly corrosive and toxic gas that can be harmful to humans if not handled properly. Exposure to high concentrations of anhydrous ammonia can cause serious health problems and even death. For that reason it is important to handle anhydrous ammonia in safe and appropriate conditions and with appropriate equipment, and to always be aware of the hazards that it poses.

What is the difference between anhydrous ammonia and ammonia?

Anhydrous ammonia is ammonia in its pure form, with no water present. Ammonia on the other hand, is the chemical compound NH3, which contains one nitrogen atom and three hydrogen atoms, and always has water present in it, usually in the form of ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH). The difference between the two is the water content, anhydrous ammonia is ammonia without water while ammonia is ammonia with water. The major differece is in the purity of ammonia, in case of anhydrous ammonia is 99% pure amd household ammonia is 10-15% pure.

Is anhydrous ammonia liquid or gas?

Ammonia in its anhydrous form is a gas.

Do farmers still use anhydrous ammonia?

Yes, farmers still use anhydrous ammonia as a source of nitrogen for their crops, as it has a high nitrogen content. Anhydrous ammonia is injected into the soil, where it is converted into ammonium ion, which is readily available to plants. It also helps increase yields, improve crop quality and make more efficient use of fertilizer.

Why is anhydrous ammonia so expensive?

Anhydrous ammonia is expensive due to its energy-intensive production process and handling and storage costs. The energy-intensive production process of Anhydrous ammonia leads to high production costs and the handling and storage costs are also high as it needs specialized equipment and facilities which add to the cost.

Why do people steal anhydrous ammonia?

Anhydrous ammonia is valuable as a fertilizer, making it a target for thieves looking to resell it or use it on their own crops. Additionally, it has a variety of industrial uses, making it a valuable commodity that some may attempt to steal. People steal Anhydrous Ammonia for the manufacturing of a highly addictive drug Methamphetamine.

What happens if you breathe anhydrous?

Breathing anhydrous ammonia can cause irritation of nose, throat, and lungs, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest pain. It can also cause severe burns to eyes, skin and respiratory tract. It can be fatal if inhaled in high concentration.

What happens when anhydrous ammonia is mixed with water?

When anhydrous ammonia is mixed with water, it releases heat and forms ammonium hydroxide which is a solution of ammonia and water. This reaction releases heat and is exothermic. When Anhydrous Ammonia is mixed with water under favourable conditions, liquor ammonia can be achieved.

Can anyone buy anhydrous ammonia?

Yes, as long as the required quantity is within permissible limits for the local governing body.

Why do farmers inject anhydrous ammonia?

Farmers inject anhydrous ammonia into the soil as a source of nitrogen, which is an essential nutrient for plant growth. The use of anhydrous ammonia as a source of nitrogen for crops can help increase yields, improve crop quality, and make more efficient use of fertilizer.

What is another name for anhydrous ammonia?

Anhydrous ammonia is most commonly referred to as Ammonia Gas.